• Aikido Terms

    Names of Attacks

    Striking Attacks

    Shomen uchi (show­men oo­chee) : Straight on attack to the front, usually to the head

    Yokomen uchi (yo­ko men oo­chee) : Attacks coming from a direction slightly to one side or the other, usually as a chop to the side of the head

    Munetsuki (moon­net ski) : A horizontal attack such as a straight punch or a straight thrust with a knife, sword, etc.

    Grabbing or Seizing Attacks

    Katate dori (kah tah­tay doe­ree) : Grabbing the wrist on the same side

    Gyakute dori (gee­ah koo­tay doe­ree) : Grabbing the opposite wrist

    Ryote dori (ree­oh­tay doe­ree) : Grabbing both wrists

    Morote dori (moe­roh­tay doe­ree) : Using two hands to grab the wrist or forearm

    Kata dori (kah­tah doe­ree) : A grab to the same side shoulder

    Ryokata (ree­oh­kah­tah doe­ree) : Grabbing both shoulders

    Kata menuchi (kah­tah men­ooh­chee) : Grabbing the shoulder on the same side and striking the face with the other arm

    Mune dori (moon­eh doe­ree) : Grabbing the clothing in the middle of the chest

    Eri dori (ee­ree doe­ree) : Grabbing the collar from behind

    Hiji dori (hee­jee doe­ree) : Grabbing the arm at the elbows

    Kubi shimi (koo­bah she­mee) : Attempting to strange a person’s throat from behind while holding on to one of their hands


    Additionally, many of these attacks may be done from behind. These are called USHIRO WAZA.

    For example : Ushiro waza ryo kata dori



    Japanese Terms and Vocabulary

    Useful Japanese Phrases

    Onegai shimasu (oh­neh­guy she­mahss) : I humbly request. (Used when asking someone to train with you)

    Domo arigato gozaimashita (doe­moe ah­ree­gah­toe goh­zah­ee­mahss­tah) : Thank you very much (for what has been done)

    Ohayo gozaimasu (ohio goh­zigh­ee­mahss) : Good morning (Used after 10:00 am)

    Konnichi wa (koh­knee­chee wah) : Good day (Used after 10:00 am)

    Komban wa (comb­bahn wah) : Good evening

    Ogenki desu ka (oh­ghen­key dess kah) : How are you feeling?

    Sayonara (say­yoh­nah­rah) : Goodbye.


    Numbers in Japanese

    Ichi : One

    Ni : Two

    San : Three

    Shi : Four

    Go : Five

    Roku : Six

    Shichi : Seven

    Hachi : Eight

    Ku : Nine

    Ju : Ten

    Niju : Twenty

    Sanju : Thirty